Top 9 Interesting Facts about Sir Walter Raleigh

26-07-2022 9 5 0 0 Báo lỗi

Sir Walter Raleigh was a complete Renaissance man during the Elizabethan age, excelling as a courtier, writer, poet, adventurer, and explorer. He is credited for founding the Roanoke Colony in present-day North Carolina. Raleigh was executed about 400 years ago after being charged with treason after leading an honorable life. Continue reading for more information on Raleigh and the different ways that his life is still remembered through these most interesting facts about Sir Walter Raleigh below!

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He began as a teen soldier

First of all, one of the most interesting facts about Sir Walter Raleigh is he started as a teenage soldier. The early years of Raleigh are a little unknown. In Devon, England, Walter Raleigh was born in 1554 into a wealthy family with land (although some date his birth to 1552). Walter Raleigh (d. 1581) of Fardell, Devon, had a younger son named Raleigh by his third marriage, Katherine Gilbert (née Champernowne).


Before he had even reached adulthood, he enlisted in the military and fought alongside the Protestant French Huguenots in France's late-16th-century religious civil conflicts. Later information indicates that he attended the Middle Temple law institution as well as Oxford University's Oriel College (1572). (1575). He engaged in combat with Irish rebels in Munster in 1580, and Queen Elizabeth became aware of him as a result of his open criticism of the way English policy was being carried out in Ireland. He had won the monarch's favor by 1582, and he started to amass lucrative monopolies, assets, and powerful posts.

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Photo: https://artuk.org/
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Photo: https://www.reddit.com/
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He was a favorite of the queen

Raleigh participated in the army that battled to put down the Desmond Rebellions from 1579 to 1583. Even the faction that slaughtered 600 Spanish and Italian soldiers were led by him. He was promptly recognized by Queen Elizabeth I for his bravery.


He received considerable properties in Munster as payment for his Irish service. He was given a lease on a portion of Durham House in the Strand, London, in 1583 by the queen. From there, he held a monopoly over the export of broadcloth (1585) and wine licenses (1583). He also held numerous other positions, including warden of the stannaries (Cornish tin mines), lieutenant of Cornwall, and vice-admiral of Devon and Cornwall. Two years after receiving his knighthood, in 1587, Raleigh was appointed captain of the queen's guard. In 1600, he received his final royal appointment and served as governor of Jersey, one of the Channel Islands.


Raleigh, who is tall and attractive, swiftly won the queen's court over. According to legend, Raleigh once unbuttoned his cloak and spread it on a puddle so the queen might walk across it. Famously, the queen "trod kindly, repaying him later with numerous clothes, for his so free and seasonable offering of so fair a footcloth," according to a 1662 account of this occurrence.

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Photo: https://nghiencuuquocte.org/
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Photo: https://fineartamerica.com/
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Raleigh married in secret

Raleigh purchased the Dorset manor of Sherborne in 1592. He sought a family to settle down. The envious queen had been kept in the dark about his marriage to Elizabeth, the daughter of Sir Nicholas Throckmorton, probably as early as 1588. He was betrayed in 1592 by the birth of a son. Raleigh and his bride Elizabeth "Bess" Throckmorton were banished and imprisoned in the Tower of London in July 1592 when the queen learned that Raleigh had secretly courted and married one of her ladies-in-waiting, Elizabeth "Bess," without the queen's consent (which was customary). When the queen discovered this, she was indignant and imprisoned Raleigh and his family. Some people think Queen Elizabeth I arranged for Sir Raleigh and her maid of honor to get along so she could have an affair through a proxy.


Raleigh embarked on a privateering expedition and used the money to buy his release, but he never regained his position of power in the court. The baby died; a second son, Walter, and a third son, Carew, were born in 1593 and 1604 or 1605, respectively. Raleigh won back the queen's favor when she was permitted to leave the Tower to retrieve the loot from a captured Portuguese ship. In October of that same year, the couple received their formal release from the Tower.

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Photo: https://www.historyextra.com/
Elizabeth Raleigh - Photo: https://en.wikipedia.org/
Elizabeth Raleigh - Photo: https://en.wikipedia.org/
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The base of a 400-year-old mystery is his colony

Raleigh oversaw the first attempt to establish a permanent English settlement in the New World with a charter from the queen. Roanoke Island, which is a barrier island in North Carolina's Outer Banks, was discovered to be a potential colony site in 1584 by an exploring mission. After Elizabeth, the "virgin queen" of England, gave the territory the name Virginia. The following year, a small village and fort were built on Roanoke, but as they waited for more supplies from England, the colonists battled with Native American tribes and grew more desperate.


Raleigh sent a party of 118 men, women, and children to Roanoke in 1587 to replace the former batch of colonists despite never having visited the city (most of whom had sailed back to England). They chose Raleigh's buddy John White to lead them as governor. White immediately made his way back to England to plead for further aid and supplies, but the start of the war with Spain delayed his trip back to Roanoke. The colony was no longer there in 1590 when White last visited Roanoke. The only hint was the word "Croatoan" carved into a post, which might have been a reference to the Croatan tribe further south, but searches of the area produced no results. There has never been any concrete proof of what happened to the alleged "Lost Colony," despite the efforts of numerous historians.

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Photo: https://www.britannica.com/
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Photo: https://ubique.americangeo.org/
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He searched for a lost city of gold but didn't find it

Raleigh's disagreement with the queen broadened his range of potential actions. The myth of El Dorado, a city of riches in the New World, was created by exploration in the 16th century. By the time Sir Walter Raleigh heard of the legend and sought to get in on the action, there had already been several fruitless hunts for this city throughout South America. Raleigh set off in 1595 in search of El Dorado after becoming convinced that it existed somewhere in Guiana (modern-day Venezuela). Despite exploring and plundering the area, Raleigh and his men eventually gave up and left for England with little to show for their search for gold.


This did not deter Raleigh from speculating about the lost metropolis in a book titled The Discovery of Guiana, which also served as an engaging history of the nation. Raleigh referred to the river valley as having "the most beautiful country that my eyes have ever beheld" in his description of it. "Whereas all that we had seen before was nothing but woods, prickles, bushes, and thorns, here we beheld plains of twenty miles in length, the grass short and green, and in various parts groves of trees by themselves as if they had been by all the art and labor in the world so made of the purpose," Raleigh wrote of the landscape.

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Photo: https://sanderusmaps.com/
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Photo: https://www.sciencephoto.com/
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Raleigh introduced several new products to England

It is important to note that Raleigh brought several significant discoveries to England during his trips, which is considered one of the most interesting facts about Sir Walter Raleigh. He may have introduced the potato to Europe, for instance. Sir Walter Raleigh brought the potato to Ireland for the first time in 1589. While on his trip to the Americas, Raleigh came across them, and he planted them at his Irish home in Myrtle. According to legend, Raleigh gave the Queen a potato as a present. In Ireland nowadays, potatoes are a staple food.


During the same journey, Sir Walter Raleigh, who had been to Guyana in pursuit of the mythical El Dorado, brought back tobacco as well. He didn't bring any old, but he returned with the two things. Although historians claim that tobacco was present in Europe before Raleigh's time, the explorer is frequently given credit for spreading the plant's popularity in England after Roanoke colonists returned and presented samples of the crop to the queen's court. Raleigh may have even persuaded Queen Elizabeth to smoke it. Consistent transatlantic commerce in this so-called "brown gold" started at the beginning of the 17th century.


Long after, in The Beatles' famed White Album song "I'm So Tired," guitarist John Lennon would mock Raleigh's use of tobacco: "Although I'm so tired, I'll have another cigarette/And curse Sir Walter Raleigh/He was such a stupid prat." You may still buy pipe tobacco under the Sir Walter Raleigh name today.

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He was imprisoned for 13 years

Raleigh was not a favorite of the pacific King James I (reigned 1603-25) because of his harsh actions with Spain. At a period when James I was trying to make peace with Spain, he attacked and pillaged Spanish land and was accused of treason. His adversaries sought to bring him down, and in 1603 they accused him and others of preparing to overthrow the king. Raleigh insisted he was innocent, but he was found guilty based on the written testimony of Henry Brooke, and Lord Cobham, and sent to the Tower after receiving a last-minute reprieve from the death penalty.


His cell at the Tower of London, where he was imprisoned, was quite cozy thanks to the king's commutation of his sentence. Raleigh handwrote and drew his History of the World on a wooden desk in the room (about ancient Greece and Rome). He had full access to a library as well. Raleigh was eventually freed and pardoned by James, who then allowed him to set sail for Guiana once more in search of El Dorado. He struggled to keep Sherborne, which he had transferred to his son in trust, but a typing error rendered the deed void.

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Photo: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/
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Photo: https://www.historyextra.com/
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He was an accomplished poet

Raleigh was renowned for writing simply, straightforward poetry devoid of intricate adornment. As a Renaissance poet who rejected the influence of complex literary tropes, he is known as a "silver poet." However, his poetry was regarded as powerful and profound, especially when it came to the themes of love and beauty, and he drew inspiration from actual events. The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd, The Lie, If Cynthia be a Queen, The Ocean's Love to Cynthia, Nature, and That Washed Her Hands in Milk are just a few of his dramatic masterpieces. False love, according to one poetry called "Farewell, False Love," is the worst enemy:


"Goodbye, false love, the soothsayer of lies, A mortal enemy laid to rest, A jealous boy who is the source of all worries, A horrible bastard, a beast driven by rage, A path of wrong, a treasonous temple, with all results against common sense."


The story that Raleigh had an affair with Queen Elizabeth I goes on because it was thought that the Cynthia character in his writings was a fictitious name for the monarch.

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Photo: https://www.amazon.co.uk/
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd - Photo: https://www.goodreads.com/
The Nymph's Reply to the Shepherd - Photo: https://www.goodreads.com/
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Sir Walter Raleigh died by execution

On October 29, 1618, Raleigh was executed in the Old Palace Yard at the Palace of Westminster. Raleigh's widow received the embalmed head of Raleigh. His grave is now in St. Margaret's Church in Westminster, while his remains were originally going to be interred in the neighborhood church in Beddington, Surrey, where Lady Raleigh lived.


Raleigh's severed head was given to his wife Bess, who had it embalmed and maintained it for the rest of her life in a scarlet bag, even though his body was interred in the Westminster churchyard of St. Margaret's. His head was taken from her body and placed in his tomb at St. Margaret's Church after she passed away some 29 years later.


Although Raleigh's popularity had significantly declined since his Elizabethan prime, many people, both then and now, believed that his death was needless and unfair because, for a long time, it appeared that his involvement in the Main Plot had only been a meeting with Lord Cobham. "The justice of England has never been so defiled and harmed as by the condemnation of the honorable Sir Walter Raleigh," one of the trial judges remarked later.

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