Top 10 Most Famous Poets of the Romanticism Movement

03-07-2022 10 6 0 0 Báo lỗi

In the first part of the 19th century, romanticism was a movement that dominated many genres, including music, art, literature, and architecture in both Europe and the United States. It began in the late 18th century as a response against the principles of harmony, order, and reason that characterized late 18th-century Neoclassicism in particular as well as Classicism in general. It was influenced by the Sturm und Drang movement in Germany, which placed more emphasis on intuition and emotion than on reason. Romanticism placed a strong focus on emotion, individualism, and the veneration of nature and the past. The Industrial Revolution and the scientific rationality of nature both influenced the movement in some ways. Blake, Coleridge, Wordsworth, Keats, Byron, and Shelley are some of the most well-known English Romantic poets. Edgar Allan Poe was the most well-known Romantic poet in America, and Victor Marie Hugo was the movement's key proponent in France. Here are the top 10 most famous poets of the Romanticism movement along with some of their most well-known works.

1 Thu Bui

William Blake

William Blake was mostly unknown during his lifetime but became well-known after his passing. He is today regarded as one of the greatest British artists and a hugely significant character in poetry history. Early in the twentieth century, his works began to receive widespread notice. Blake spent the majority of his life in South England's poverty. Blake had an unusual personality and thought of himself as a Christian prophet and visionary, like most Romantic poets. In order to communicate his religious message, he painted and wrote poems. a message that, despite his works being unique and unusual, his readers frequently found perplexing and puzzling.


Songs of Innocence and of Experience, considered one of the greatest lyrical works of the Romantic era, is Blake's most well-known piece of poetry. The collection frequently includes poems with similar subjects, and occasionally even the same title, to contrast the corrupt and oppressive adult world with the pristine world of infancy in Songs of Innocence.


Blake asserted that he had seen visions all of his life. He revered the Bible but despised the Church of England and all forms of organized religion. In addition to strongly criticizing industrial civilization and the enslavement of the individual, his poetry and art frequently conjured up fantastical realms populated by gods and other supernatural beings.


Because of his emphasis on individual vision and the capacity of the imagination, Blake is regarded as a fundamental figure in Romanticism. He is admired for his expressiveness, originality, and mystical and philosophical undercurrents in his work. William Blake was ranked number 38 in the BBC's list of the 100 Greatest Britons in 2002.


An extract from 'London'
I wander through each chartered street,

Near where the chartered Thames does flow,

And mark in every face I meet

Marks of weakness, marks of woe.

In every cry of every Man,

In every Infant's cry of fear,

In every voice, in ever ban,

The mind forged manacles I hear.


Famous Poems:

  • The Tyger (1794)
  • London (1794)
  • And did those feet in ancient time (1808)

Lifespan: November 28, 1757 – August 12, 1827
Nationality: English

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2 Thu Bui

William Wordsworth

Lyrical Ballads, which Wordsworth and Coleridge published in 1798, served as the catalyst for the beginning of the Romantic Era in English literature. He resided at the Dove Cottage in the English Lake District village of Grasmere from 1799 to 1808. Here, he became acquainted with Robert Southey, a renowned poet. As they all resided in the Lake District, Wordsworth, Coleridge, and Southey made constituted the core trio of the literary collective known as the Lake Poets. Wordsworth's Great Decade, which spans the years 1797 to 1808, is now regarded as his best period. After first having difficulty, Wordsworth later rose to prominence and was named Poet Laureate of Britain in 1843.


Critics generally agree that his autobiographical epic The Prelude is his best work, yet his most well-known poem, I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud, also known as Daffodils, may be. One of the greatest poets in English literature, William Wordsworth is credited with founding Romanticism.


An extract from 'Lines Written in Early Spring'
I heard a thousand blended notes,

While in a grove I sate reclined,

In that sweet sound when pleasant thoughts

Bring sad thoughts to mind.

To her fair works did nature link

The human soul that through me ran;

And much it grieved my heart to think

What man has made of man.


Famous Poems:

  • Daffodils (1807)
  • Tintern Abbey (1798)
  • The Prelude (1850)

Lifespan: April 7, 1770 – April 23, 1850
Nationality: English

Black and white illustration of poet, William Wordsworth who was good friends with Coleridge. - GeorgiosArt | iStock
Black and white illustration of poet, William Wordsworth who was good friends with Coleridge. - GeorgiosArt | iStock
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Book Hunter
3 Thu Bui

Samuel Taylor Coleridge

Samuel Taylor Coleridge and William Wordsworth are credited with starting the Romanticism movement in England. The two companions defied the conventions of neoclassical poems in 1797 with audacious creative literary works that placed a strong emphasis on emotion and exalted nature. Their poetry anthology Lyrical Ballads was published the year after.


Although Lyrical Ballads received a muted initial response, it is today regarded as a seminal work that revolutionized the direction of English literature and poetry by sparking the significant Romantic movement.


One of the most significant characters in English poetry, Coleridge had a significant impact on Wordsworth and other prominent poets of his time. He is praised for, among other things, using common language to convey complex poetry pictures and concepts.


A drug-induced dream Coleridge had in 1797 that fired up his imagination served as the basis for his poem Kubla Kahn. Unfortunately, Coleridge's obsession with opium for a while nearly cost him his marriage, his health, and his friendship with Wordsworth.


Famous Poems:

  • Kubla Khan (1816)
  • Christabel (1816)
  • The Rime of the Ancient Mariner (1798)

Lifespan: October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834
Nationality: English

The British Library
The British Library
Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
4 Thu Bui

John Keats

Keats and Shelley both sadly passed away at a young age. Keats (b.1795–d.1821) quit his job as a surgeon because he found it hard to operate on patients who were aware of their misery. He had pulmonary tuberculosis at the age of 23. He relocated to Italy in the hopes that the warmer climate would enhance his health. His best works were influenced by his time spent in Italy. At the young age of 25 in 1821, Keats passed away from tuberculosis.


John Keats was one of the most well-known members of the second generation of English Romantic poets, along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley. Only four years of his writing were published, and critics did not generally laud it at the time. But after his passing, his standing increased, and by the end of the 19th century, he was regarded as one of the most cherished of all English poets. The Odes of 1819, a collection of six odes, are among Keats' most well-known and highly regarded compositions. To Autumn, which has been hailed as one of the best short poems in the English language, is the most well-known of these. Keats pioneered a brand-new category of brief lyrical poems through his 1819 odes, which had an impact on succeeding generations.


Famous Poems:

  • To Autumn (1820)
  • Ode on a Grecian Urn (1820)
  • When I have Fears (1848)

Lifespan: October 31, 1795 – February 23, 1821
Nationality: English

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Wikipedia
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bio. Biography
5 Thu Bui

George Gordon (Lord Byron)

Lord Byron, also known as George Gordon Byron, 6th Baron Byron, was a prominent member of the Romantic Movement in early 19th-century England. The first two cantos of Byron's narrative poem Childe Harold's Pilgrimage were published in 1812, and his name was further cemented by his four enormously popular poems known as the "Oriental Tales."


He had a flamboyant life in London before embarking on his self-imposed exile in 1816, which included a number of extramarital romances, lavish parties, and sensational rumors about his potential love interests. Gordon emigrated to Italy from England in order to avoid being criticized by English society. Through Mary and Claire, Shelley was introduced to him at this location. Gordon's most recent romance involved Claire. Gordon was involved in revolutionary politics and joined the Greek War of Independence, much like Wordsworth.


His poetry is heavily influenced by the Byronic hero, an idealized but flawed figure capable of immense passion and talent but rebellious, haughty, and self-destructive. Many of his poems are autobiographical in nature. Lord Byron is regarded as the foremost poet of the second generation of Romantics, and he is still well-known and extensively read.


Famous Poems:

  • Don Juan (1824)
  • She Walks in Beauty (1813)
  • Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage (1818)

Lifespan: January 22, 1788 – April 19, 1824
Nationality: English

Wikipedia
Wikipedia
The British Library
The British Library
6 Thu Bui

Robert Burns

Robert Burns also referred to as the Bard of Ayrshire and the Ploughman Poet is largely regarded as Scotland's national poet. He is regarded as a Romanticism pioneer who greatly influenced the movement. Burns' poetry is characterized by spontaneity and honesty, and it covers a wide range of topics, including love, intensity, humor, and satire.


His best-known works include A Red, Red Rose, one of the most well-known love poems, Scots Wha Hae, which for many years functioned as an unofficial national song of Scotland, and Auld Lang Syne, which is frequently sung in the western world at the stroke of midnight on New Year's Eve. The most well-known Scottish poet is Robert Burns, who is revered not just in his own nation but also elsewhere. He continues to be a cultural icon in his country, and in 2009, the Scottish population chose him as the greatest Scot in a poll conducted by the Scottish television network STV.


Famous Poems:

  • Auld Lang Syne (1788)
  • To a Mouse (1785)
  • A Red, Red Rose (1794)

Lifespan: January 25, 1759 – July 21, 1796
Nationality: Scottish

A black and white pencil sketch of the poet, Robert Burns, whose poems touched on poverty and social class injustices. - GeorgiosArt | iStock
A black and white pencil sketch of the poet, Robert Burns, whose poems touched on poverty and social class injustices. - GeorgiosArt | iStock
The Times
The Times
7 Thu Bui

Percy Bysshe Shelley

Shelley's (b.1792 - d.1822) life was tragically taken in a storm while sailing his schooner in Italy. Shelley led a highly emotional existence. Expelled from Oxford for publishing an essay endorsing atheism, Shelley made the decision to follow his feelings instead of following rules. At the age of 19, he and his first wife, Harriet, eloped to Scotland. Harriet was only sixteen. He may have imagined himself as a glorious hero saving the young student from a life she detested in their elopement. Shelley continued to have female liaisons because he was dissatisfied with his marriage. Mary Wollstonecraft, better known as Mary Shelley, the renowned author of the Gothic classic Frankenstein, remarried. They traveled overseas with pals and ran into Lord Byron.


One of the foremost members of the "second generation" of Romantic poets, Percy Bysshe Shelley produced some of the genre's most well-known pieces. He was a contentious author whose poetry is distinguished by unwavering idealism and strong individual conviction. Despite the fact that he produced works throughout his life, the majority of publishers and magazines chose not to publish them out of concern that they might be charged with blasphemy or sedition. Shelley was unable to amass a large audience as a result throughout his lifetime. But when he passed away, his popularity continued to soar, and in the end, he received widespread acclaim and celebrity. Percy Bysshe Shelley not only inspired a subsequent generation of poets but also had an impact on notable individuals like the German philosopher Karl Marx and the Indian freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi. He is regarded as one of the greatest English-language poets.


Famous Works:

  • Ozymandias (1818)
  • Ode to the West Wind (1820)
  • Prometheus Unbound (1820)

Lifespan: August 4, 1792 – July 8, 1822
Nationality: English

Wikipedia
Wikipedia
Percy Bysshe Shelley and Miss Phillips at Warwick Street Printery, Worthing, 1810 | Art UK
Percy Bysshe Shelley and Miss Phillips at Warwick Street Printery, Worthing, 1810 | Art UK
8 Thu Bui

Edgar Allan Poe

One of the most significant and well-known authors in American literature, Edgar Allan Poe is frequently recognized as the main representative of Romanticism in the country. His poetry is widely read today, and many passages from it are quoted. Poe is hailed as the greatest representative of Dark Romanticism, a literary movement that emphasizes the demonic, human fallibility, self-destruction, judgment, and retribution as well as the psychological ramifications of sin and guilt. The loss of a young, attractive, and greatly loved woman is one of his poems' primary themes; he referred to it as “the most poetical topic in the world”.


The Raven is Poe's most well-known poem. Numerous later pieces were influenced by it, notably Paul Gauguin's well-known picture Nevermore. Edgar Allan Poe is not just one of the most well-known poets but is also credited with creating the detective fiction subgenre and making significant contributions to the burgeoning science fiction subgenre.


Famous Poems:

  • The Raven (1845)
  • Annabel Lee (1849)
  • A Dream Within a Dream (1849)

Lifespan: January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849
Nationality: American

Wikipedia
Wikipedia
The Poe Museum
The Poe Museum
9 Thu Bui

Victor Hugo

One of the most well-known French authors of all time is Victor Hugo. His wonderful work Les Miserables is what made him most well-known in the literary world, but he is also well-known for his poetry, particularly in France. Hugo was only 20 years old when his first collection of poetry, Odes et poésies diverses, was released in 1822. King Louis XVIII granted him a royal pension as a result. Four years later, he released his second book of poetry, Odes et Ballades, solidifying his reputation as a master of lyric and inventive song. Hugo publicly labeled Napoleon III a traitor when he took full control in 1851. He was forced to depart France and relocate to Guernsey.


Hugo wrote three of his most well-known poetry books while living in exile: Les Châtiments (1853), Les Contemplations (1856), and La Légende des siècles (1859). (1859). The most well-known French Romantic poet is Victor Hugo, who was at the vanguard of the French Romantic literary movement.


Famous Poems:

  • Demain dès l’aube (Tomorrow, at dawn; 1856)
  • Le Pape (The Pope; 1878)
  • La Pitié suprême (The Supreme Compassion; 1879)

Lifespan: February 26, 1802 – May 22, 1885
Nationality: French

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10 Thu Bui

Alexander Pushkin

The greatest Russian poet and the father of contemporary Russian literature, Alexander Pushkin was a poet, playwright, and novelist. When Pushkin graduated, the Russian literary landscape had already widely acknowledged his talent. He published his first poem when he was just 15 years old.


The Bronze Horseman is Pushkin's best-known poem. It is regarded as one of the most important pieces of Russian literature and is about the great flood of 1824 and the equestrian statue of Peter the Great in Saint Petersburg. Pushkin wed Natalia Goncharova, one of Moscow's most renowned beauties. Pushkin was severely wounded in a duel with Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès at the age of just 37 as a result of rumors that his wife had an affair with the French military commander. The majority of people view Alexander Pushkin as the primary exponent of Romanticism in Russian literature, despite the fact that his writing has been connected to a number of movements.


Famous Poems:

  • The Bronze Horseman (1837)
  • I Loved You (1830)
  • Ruslan and Ludmila (1820)

Lifespan: June 8, 1799 – February 11, 1837
Nationality: Russian

Wikipedia
Wikipedia
DiscoverImages.com Monument to Alexander Pushkin in Tsarskoye Selo  - Click Alps / AWL Images
DiscoverImages.com Monument to Alexander Pushkin in Tsarskoye Selo - Click Alps / AWL Images


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