Top 9 Most Brutal Dictators in Modern History

09-11-2022 9 2 0 0 Báo lỗi

The Roman Empire was the origin of the idea of a dictatorship, as well as the systematic use of violence and persecution of political opponents. However, it was the dictators of modern history who essentially made the term synonymous with egregious human rights breaches and brutality. Tragically, not so long ago, some of the cruelest dictators in modern history were in charge. Some of the most brutal dictators in modern history are mentioned below.

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Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler is known for his Nazi party and the atrocities & brutality during his dictatorship rule. He was a German politician, founder of the Nazi party, and also served as Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945.


He became directly responsible for the brutal torturing and killing of about 17 million people. He planned and executed the extermination of the majority of Jews who found not fit his nationalist agenda. More than three Jewish grandparents meant death for the bearer. He gave them instructions to locate Jews, grab their belongings, and plan trains to deport them. Jews were expelled from businesses and institutions, and they were also employed as slave laborers. As they reached the concentration camps, the Jews gave up all of their personal belongings, and the victims' valuables were stolen after being cleaned.


Anyone who was against and opposed his rule was put into concentration camps and killed brutally with poisonous gas chambers. It included majorly Jews followed by Christians, Gypsies, women, children, and the mentally disabled. Hitler sits on the list of the top most brutal dictators in modern history.


A few words to describe him are hate, racism, autocracy, and nationalism. He committed suicide in April 1945; the Third Reich lost battle after battle, and Germany entirely surrendered.


Born: April 20, 1889

Died: April 30, 1945

Country: Austro-Hungarian Empire

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HistoryExtra
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Dân Việt
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Idi Amin

CountryCountryFollowing a military takeover in 1971, Idi Amin ruled as dictator in Uganda. He goes by the moniker "Butcher of Uganda." He is one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


Throughout the 1970s, Amin's behavior increasingly deteriorated. He drove out the Asians and gave their enterprises to his friends, which caused the economy to collapse. Among Idi Amin's policies are:

  • Asians are being driven out.
  • The federation of commerce and industry.
  • The public sector's expansion.

The economy of Uganda was decimated by all these policies. The real value of salaries and earnings decreased by 90% in less than ten years.


However, in comparison to his harsh persecution of competing Ugandan tribes, who were massacred in large numbers, the Asians were "fortunate." Out of a population of 10 million, his tyranny claimed a total of 500,000 lives. He caused panic by feeding crocodiles the bodies of his victims. Although he claimed that human flesh was often "too salty" for his preference, he boasted that he stored the severed heads of political opponents in his freezer. His maniacal behavior had no bounds. His titles were "Conqueror of the British Empire in Africa" and "Lord of All the Beasts of the Earth and Fishes of the Seas."


He went to Saudi Arabia after being overthrown in 1979. Idi Amin never apologized for his cruel actions. He, too, was the subject of a Hollywood movie, Last King of Scotland.


Born: mid-1925s

Died: August 16, 2003

Country: Uganda

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Wikipedia
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History Kiwi
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Mao Zedong

A victorious guerilla fighter against the Japanese invaders and the corrupt Kuomintang regime of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek, Mao Tse-Tung was the communist leader of China.


He had defeated them all by 1949 when the People's Republic of China was established. As time went on, things got worse. Millions of "rich" peasants, intellectuals, and "saboteurs" were murdered during the purges of the early 1950s. The "Great Leap Forward" (1958–1962), one of the craziest social engineering attempts ever, followed. By establishing communes, this movement sought to transform the nation's agricultural economy into a communist society. Increased efforts were mandated by Mao to boost grain yields and bring industry to the rural.


Communal kitchens were added, and private plots were eliminated. It was a catastrophe. Production collapsed, causing the "Great Chinese Famine" that claimed up to 45 million lives. A few years later, in 1966, the dictator, having had enough, started the "Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution." Millions of individuals were persecuted and subjected to torture, forced labor, arbitrary detention, and execution. His cruelty proves that he is one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


When Mao passed away in 1976, China had lost almost 55 million people, and its per capita GDP was lower than that of the Congo. Mao didn't seem to care.


Born: December 26, 1893

Died: September 9, 1976
Country: China

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The Sunday Guardian
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Pol Pot

Pol Pot, the leader of the Khmer Rouge, oversaw one of the worst massacres in modern history while ruling Cambodia. He intended to turn the earth into a communist paradise.


Around one million people died as a result of famine, incarceration, forced labor, and murder him. In order to realize his vision of an agrarian society, Pol Pot moved the urban people to the countryside where they worked in collective farms.


By outlawing money and requiring everyone to dress in the same dull black attire, he made Mao costumes popular. He killed everyone who was intelligent, including those who wore glasses. About 25% of people died as a result of this trial.


As a result, he was made famous through the Hollywood film Killing Fields. His terrible regime was toppled by invading Vietnamese soldiers. Pol Pot is assessed as one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


Born: May 19, 1925

Died: April 15, 1998

Country: Campuchia

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Wikipedia
Historienet.no
Historienet.no
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Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin, the Soviet tyrant, is always of the top most brutal dictators in modern history. After Lenin's passing in the 1920s, he became increasingly powerful. Stalin implemented a series of Five-Year plans to industrialize the nation and compelled the collectivization of agriculture, which resulted in widespread famine. With a sharp decline in consumer goods, this plan focused on boosting heavy industries and collectivizing agriculture.


The "Great Terror" followed, with purge after purge of the party apparatus and society, sending millions to the Gulags, where they died or were sent there for forced labor, with a horrifying death rate. This ensured the underwhelming performance and horrifying losses in the early stages of World War II.


He contributed to the deaths of around three million people in Ukraine. He either took possession of the land or put any farmer opponents to death. He had another horrific dread planned for the nation in the early 1950s, but mercifully he passed away before he could carry it out.


Born: December 18, 1878

Died: March 5, 1953

Country: Russia

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History.com
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Amazon.com
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Saddam Hussein

From 1979 to 2003, Saddam Hussein served as the president of Iraq. His sick need for power, ultimate power, no matter how great the cost in human blood, ran through every aspect of his life. He is considered one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


He was notorious for using terror against his own people as well as planning and carrying out terrible genocide against the rebels opposing his rule.


In 1980, Hussein attacked Iran, and the war resulted in a draw with a million casualties. Massive numbers of people were killed by the mustard, nerve gas, and toxic chemicals used by his army.


With one million casualties, the conflict came to a standstill. He attacked Kuwait in 1990 without any experience, sparking the First Gulf War and another 85,000 deaths. After the war, uprisings claimed the lives of about 150,000 civilians. The list continues until American and Allied forces ousted him in 2003, and he was executed in 2006.


Born: April 28, 1937

Died: December 30, 2006

Country: Iraq

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Biography
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VTV.vn
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Augusto Pinochet

For nearly twenty years, violent dictator General Augusto Pinochet Ugarte suppressed and transformed Chile. He is one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


He ousted President Salvador Allende's Marxist administration in Chile in 1973 with the aid of a US-backed coup. He was a notorious representation of corruption and violation of human rights. Under his dictatorship, around 35000 persons suffered torture, and a great number more went missing. During the first four years of military administration, the foes of the Pinochet regime systematically implemented their disappearance plans. The majority of those who vanished were imprisoned in secret, subjected to torture, and ultimately they were never seen again.


After the Chileans rejected his bid for reelection in a plebiscite, Pinochet resigned as president in 1990. In order to replace the outdated constitution created during Arturo Alessandri's administration, Pinochet staged a poll to approve a new one. Additionally, it endorsed an election with just one candidate and an eight-year presidential term. Throughout Pinochet's rule, about a million people were compelled to leave the nation.


He was put on trial by the government for violating human rights in the early 2000s, but the court determined he was mentally unable to stand trial. He underwent surgery after having a heart attack, and at the age of 91, he passed away.


Born: November 25, 1915

Died: Decemver 10, 2006

Country: Chile

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Wikipedia
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History.com
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Kim Il Sung

North Korea's socialist leader Kim II Sung served as president from 1972 to 1994. North Korea calls itself the "Democratic People's Republic of Korea," but its citizens are treated like slaves, the government is passed down from father to son, and democracy is nowhere to be found.


Around 3 million people died as a result of Kim II Sung's invasion of South Korea in 1950. He murdered all the officers and opponents who fought alongside and against him in the Korean War, which represented 15% of North Korea's population. His attempts to establish his power were opposed by US soldiers and other UN forces. However, Kim II Sung was only able to fend off the future invasion of North Korea thanks to significant Chinese assistance. The Korean conflict was declared a draw in 1953.


Anyone who spoke out against the dictatorship or committed a small error that would have damaged his reputation was known to be killed by him. As a result of the implementation of Stalinist economic policies and overall repression, there is widespread poverty and famine that has killed millions of people. Therefore, Kim Il Sung is considered one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


Born: April 15, 1912

Died: July 8, 1994

Country: Democratic People's Republic of Korea

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Russia Beyond
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Wikipedia
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Leopold II

A notorious Belgian monarch was Leopold II. He acquired his own land in Congo in 1885 during the Berlin Conference, which divided Africa among the European powers. He became known as one of the most brutal dictators in modern history.


Right from the start, he was just interested in making as much money as possible out of his large colony. In addition, he was well known for using slave labor from the Congo while pretending to be Belgian. To keep the Congolese in check, the employees were made to work in mines, gather ivory for export, and endure assault.


If that wasn't enough, he gave orders for his own army to massacre rebellious rebels and burn down their communities. Millions of Congolese people, including children, were maimed, slaughtered, or succumbed to sickness during his rule.


In Congo, he is accountable for the deaths of roughly ten million people. Things quickly became out of control, and in 1908 he was forced to turn the colony over to the Belgian state.


Born: April 9, 1835

Died: December 17, 1909

Country: Belgium

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